AskDefine | Define otolaryngology

Dictionary Definition

otolaryngology n : the branch of medicine concerned with the ear [syn: otology]

User Contributed Dictionary



  1. The branch of medicine that deals with diseases of the ear, nose and throat

Derived terms

Extensive Definition

Otolaryngology is the branch of medicine that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of ear, nose, throat, and head & neck disorders. The full name of the specialty is otolaryngology-head and neck surgery. Practitioners are called otolaryngologists-head and neck surgeons, or sometimes otorhinolaryngologists (ORL). A commonly used term for this specialty is ENT (ear, nose and throat). The term comes from the Greek ωτολαρυγγολογία (oto = genitive for ear, laryngo = genitive for larynx/throat, logy = study) and it literally means the study of ear and neck. The full term ωτορρινολαρυγγολογία (otorhinolaryngology), also includes rhino, which is the genitive of nose.


Otolaryngologists are medical doctors (MD,MBBS,MBChB,etc.) or osteopathic doctors (DO) who complete at least five years of surgical residency training. Currently, this comprises one year in general surgical training and four years in otolaryngology - head and neck surgery; in the past it varied between two and three years of each. Otolaryngology is considered to be one of the most competitive residency fields to match into.
Following residency training, some otolaryngologists elect to complete advanced subspeciality fellowship training which can range from one to three years in duration.


(*Currently recognized by American Board of Medical Subspecialties)

Topics in otolaryngology, head and neck surgery


Rhinology (sinus diseases and anterior skull base)

Facial plastic and reconstructive surgery

External links

otolaryngology in Bulgarian: УНГ
otolaryngology in Catalan: Otorinolaringologia
otolaryngology in Czech: Otorhinolaryngologie
otolaryngology in Danish: Oto-rhino-laryngologi
otolaryngology in German: Hals-Nasen-Ohren-Heilkunde
otolaryngology in Spanish: Otorrinolaringología
otolaryngology in Basque: Otorrinolaringologia
otolaryngology in French: Oto-rhino-laryngologie
otolaryngology in Korean: 이비인후과
otolaryngology in Indonesian: Otolaringologi
otolaryngology in Italian: Otorinolaringoiatria
otolaryngology in Hebrew: רפואת אף אוזן גרון
otolaryngology in Dutch: Otorinolaryngologie
otolaryngology in Nepali: ओटोल्यारिंजियोलोजी
otolaryngology in Japanese: 耳鼻咽喉科学
otolaryngology in Norwegian: Øre-nese-hals
otolaryngology in Polish: Otorynolaryngologia
otolaryngology in Portuguese: Otorrinolaringologia
otolaryngology in Russian: Оториноларингология
otolaryngology in Slovenian: Otorinolaringologija
otolaryngology in Swedish: ÖNH
otolaryngology in Thai: โสตศอนาสิกวิทยา
otolaryngology in Chinese: 耳鼻喉科學
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